XIII : F i b u l a e

The Argonauts fibulae

Treasure found of Jason and his band of heroes

Argonauten fibulae ontdekt in Dorestad.

Een ontdekking van wereldformaat is onlangs gedaan in het Nederlandse Dorestad (Wijk bij Duurstede). Tijdens archeologische opgravingswerkzaamheden werden achttien fibulae uit de grond gehaald. Bij nader onderzoek blijkt het hier te gaan om de mantelspelden van de argonauten. In de doekspelden staan namelijk de namen te lezen van enkele van de eigenaars,waarschijnlijk werden deze tijdens ceremoniŽle gelegenheden gedragen Dat het hier niet gaat om slechts een door Homerus beschreven mythe mag blijken uit de koolstofdatering welke zo'n drieduizend jaar teruggaat in de tijd. De epische gedichten in de Odyssee doen melding van de omzwervingen van Jason en zijn 50 vrijwilligers op zoek naar het gulden vlies. Aangenomen wordt dat de Argo en zijn bemanning op hun omzwervingsroute van de Zwarte Zee naar de Middelandse zee ook de Alpen zijn overgestoken en zo de lage landen, de allervroegste nederzetting van de handelsstad Dorestad hebben aangedaan. Waarschijnlijk gaat het hier om een deel van de beroemde schat van koning Priamus van Troje. Enkele doekspelden vertonen namelijk brandsporen. Ook uit nader vergelijkend onderzoek van de goudsamenstelling met de oorspronkelijke schat, waarvan zich thans een groot gedeelte bevind in het Neues Museum Berlin (voorheen Pushkin museum te Moskou) en het archeologisch museum te Istanboel, gevonden door Heinrich Schliemann blijken grote overeenkomsten.

F r o n t v i e w

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B a c k v i e w

Fibula Admetus (Ivory center stone)

In greek mythology, Admetus  was a king of Phaerea in Thessaly, succeeding his father Pheres after whom the city was named. Admetus was one of the Argonauts and took part in the Calydonain Boar hunt.

A d m e t u s (Ivory center stone)
Fibula Admetus
A d m e t u s

Fibula Argos ( Red Jaspis stone )

Argos, the name of the builder of the Argos. In Greek Muthology, the Argo was the ship on which Jason and the Argonauts sailed from Iolcus to retrieve the Golden Fleece.

A r g o s (Red Jaspis stone)
Fibula Argos
A r g o s

Fibula Castor ( Jade stone )

In the myth the twins shared the same mother but had different fathers which meant that Pollux was immortal and Castor was mortal. When Castor died, Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together and they were transformed into the Gemini Constellation.

C a s t o r (Jade stone)
Fibula Castor
C a s t o r

Fibula Jason ( Malachiet stone )
Jason was a late Greek Mythologic figure, famous as the leader of the Argonauts. He was the son of Aeson,the rightful king of Iolcus. He was married to the sorceress Medea.
Jason is considered to be one of the heroes of Greek mythology, along with such others as Herakles and Odysseus.

J a s o n (Malachiet stone)

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Fibulabox

Fibula Jason
J a s o n

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Fibulabox

Fibula KalaÔs ( Pearl )

The Boreads, in Greek Mythology, were Calais and Zetes (also Zethes). They were the sons of Boreas and Oreihyia, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. Due to being sons of the north wind they were supernaturally gifted in different ways (depending on changes in the story from being passed down through generations and cultures) either being as fast as the wind or able to fly, having wings either on their feet or backs, depending on the myth.

K a l a Ô s (Pearl)
Fibula KalaÔs
K a l a Ô s

Fibula Lynceus ( Large pearl )

Lynceus (in Greek, Lynkeus) was the jealous murderer of Castor, along with his brother, Idas. Idas and Lynceus murdered Castor because they all (along with Polydeuces) sought Phoebe and Hilaeira, daughters of Leucippus (who was also Idas and Lynceus' uncle in some versions). Lynceus was one of the Argonauts and he participated in the hunt for the Calydonain Boar. He was a son of Aphareus  and Arene and was said to have excellent sight, even able to see through trees, walls and underground.

L y n c e u s (Large pearl)
Fibula Lynceus
L y n c e u s

Fibula Meleager ( Chalcedoon stone )

Meleager (Melťagros) was a hero venerated in his temenos at Calydon in Aetolia, in the heart of the Peloponnesus. He was already famed as the host of the Calydonian boar hunt in the epic tradition that was reworked by Homer Meleager was the son of Althaea and the vintner Oeneus and, according to some accounts father of Parthenopeus and Polydora.

M e l e a g e r (Chalcedoon stone)
Fibula Meleager
M e l e a g e r

Fibula Naupilus ( Pearls ) 

Nauplius the Argive, son of Poseidon, a recording navigator

N a u p i l u s (Pearls)
Fibula Naupilus
N a u p i l u s

Fibula Orpheus ( Pearl )

Orpheus  is an important figure from Greek Mythology, the inspiration for subsequent Orhic cults, much of the literature, poetry and drama of ancient Greece and Rome and, due to his association with singing and the lyre, much dramatic Western classical music.

O r p h e u s (Pearl)
Fibula Orpheus
O r p h e u s

Fibula Peleus ( Colouerd Glas )

In Greek Mythology, Peleus was a hero who was already known to Homer Peleus was the son ofAeacus, king of the island of Aegina and EndeÔs, the oread of Mount Pelion in Thessaly he became the father of Achilles. He and his brother Telamon were friends of Herakles, serving in his expedition against the Amazons and his war against King Laomedon. Though there were no further kings in Aegina, the kings of Epirus claimed descent from Peleus.

P e l e u s (Coloured Glas)
Fibula Peleus
P e l e u s

Fibula Polydeuces ( Diamond )

In Greek and Roman mythology, Castor and Pollux (  - were the twin sons of Leda
and Zeus/Tyndareus (Pollux's father was Zeus, Castor's was Tyndareus), the brothers of Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra and the half-brothers of Timandra, Phoebe, Hearkles and Philonoe. They are known collectively in Greek as the Dioskouroi or Dioscuri,

P o l y d e u c e s (Diamond)
Fibula Polydeuces
P o l y d e u c e s

Fibula Staphylus ( Pearls )

The father of a daughter named Hemithea who was impregnated by Lyrcus after Lyrcus had made a Journey to the oracle at Didyma. Staphylus is said to have enticed Lyrcus into to much drinking of wine and then when his senses were dulled by drunkenness united him with his daughter Hemithea

S t a p h y l u s (Pearls)
Fibula Staphylus
S t a p h y l u s

Fibula Tiphys ( Lapis Lazuli stone )

In Greek mythology, Tiphys, son of Hagnias
 (or of Phorbas and Hyrmina), was the helmsman of the Argonauts. He died of a mysterious illness. After his death, Ancaeus piloted the Argo.

T i p h y s (Lapis Lazuli stone)
Fibula Tiphys
T i p h y s

Fibula Zetes ( Pearls )

The Boreads, in Greek mythology, were Calais and Zetes (also Zethes). They were the sons of Boreas and Oreithyia, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. Due to being sons of the north wind they were supernaturally gifted in different ways (depending on changes in the story from being passed down through generations and cultures) either being as fast as the wind or able to fly, having wings either on their feet or backs, depending on the myth.

Z e t e s (Pearls)
Fibula Zetes
Z e t e s

Fibula LaŽrtes (Carneool stone) 

LaŽrtes was the son of Arcesius and Chalcomedusa. He was the father of Odysseus (who was thus called Laertiades, and Ctimene by his wife Anticlea, daughter of the thief Autolycus. LaŽrtes was an Argonaut and participated in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar. LaŽrtes's title was King of the Cephallenians, which he presumably inherited from his father Arcesius and grandfather Cephalus. His realm included Ithaca and surrounding islands, and perhaps even the neighboring part of the mainland of other Greek city-states.

L a Ž r t e s (Carneool stone)
Fibula LaŽrtes
L a Ž r t e s

Fibula Ascalaphus
( Tigereye stone )

Son of Archeron and Orphne. He told the other gods that Persephone had eaten a pomegranate in Hades. He was punished by being changed into an owl He was on the crew of Jason's Argo in the quest for the Golden Fleece.

A s c a l a p h u s (Tigereye stone)
Fibula Ascalaphus
A s c a l a p h u s

Fibula Actor ( Mountaincrystal stone)

Actor, son of Hippasus, one of the Argonauts.

A c t o r (Mountaincrystal stone)
Fibula Actor
A c t o r

Technique: Mixed Media Sculptures (Gold/Silver and valuable stones/diamonds/pearls) / Size: Diameter 14 cm.

The Argo

The Argo

Dolphin

Dolphin

Ceremonial guard

Ceremonial guard with fibulae

Fibulae

Fibulae

Bull

Bull

Owl

Owl (Athena)

Jason

Jason

Golden Fleece

Golden Fleece

Technique: Pendrawing / Size : 22 x 30 cm.

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